Photo: “Visegrad Group and Eastern Partnership meeting in Budapest 14“, by Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0. Hue modified from the original
Ahlers, Anna L., Damien Krichewsky, Evelyn Moser, and Rudolf Stichweh. “Democratic and Authoritarian Political Systems in 21st Century World Society.” In Democratic and Authoritarian Political Systems in 21st Century World Society. transcript-Verlag, 2021.
What seemed unthinkable after the end of the Cold War and the triumph of liberalism has become reality today: the democratic world society of the 21st century is threatened by illiberal and autocratic political models. The state is no longer an instrument of a dominating stratum trying to control society. It must include individuals, produce valued outputs, know the complexity of society, and accept or deny the autonomy of other specialized function-systems.
The authors analyze these political systems of a functionally differentiated world society and argue that they are completely novel because they incessantly adapt to the process of functional differentiation. To this end, they define structural core characteristics of modern policy, such as the political inclusion of everyone as a reaction to individualism; the complexity of polities arising from internal differentiation; and the increasing political decision-making handed to experts and autonomous organizations.
Table of contents
- Individual and Collective Inclusion and Exclusion in Political Systems
- The Rise of Complexity: Internal Differentiation of Political Systems
Anna L. Ahlers
- Knowledge and the Political System
- Political Responsiveness: The Identification and Processing of Problems in Modern Polities
- Expansion through Self-Restriction: Functional Autonomy in Modern Democracies
- The Bipolarity of Democracy and Authoritarianism and Its Societal Origins
Rudolf Stichweh and Anna L. Ahlers