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Photo: “I Gruppi “Lega-Salvini Premier”, “Forza Italia-Berlusconi Presidente” e “Fratelli d’Italia”, del Senato della Repubblica e della Camera dei deputati in occasione delle consultazioni“, by Presidenza della Repubblica. Hue modified from the original

Ciaralli, Carlo Alberto. “Democracy under Siege: The Populist Factor in the Contemporary Crisis of Constitutional Democracies.” Italian J. Pub. L. 12 (2020): 400.


This essay analysis the relentless rise of populist political and cultural phenomenon in a global perspective and, mainly, in the political context of EU Member States. Populism, in CCI century, represents a critical challenge for national and EU institutions and, in a broader perspective, for representative democracy itself. Anyway, in essence, what is populism? On closer inspection, populism is not a monolithic phenomenon, but it is a multifactorial experience, where the usual political categories appear undetermined, often mixed and reassembled. The paper aims to study, with a legal perspective and a comparative and multidisciplinary approach, some relevant populist political experiences in the EU space, their communicative and political strategy, the features of their leadership, to better understand its origins, policy contents, differences among various national experiences, political and social perspectives and, indeed, the impact on European constitutional democracy’s principles.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.