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Mudde, Cas, ed. The populist radical right: A reader. Routledge, 2016.


The populist radical right is one of the most studied political phenomena in the social sciences, counting hundreds of books and thousands of articles. This is the first reader to bring together the most seminal articles and book chapters on the contemporary populist radical right in western democracies. It has a broad regional and topical focus and includes work that has made an original theoretical contribution to the field, which make them less time-specific. The reader is organized in six thematic sections:

(1) ideology and issues;
(2) parties, organizations, and subcultures;
(3) leaders, members, and voters;
(4) causes;
(5) consequences; and
(6) responses.

Each section features a short introduction by the editor, which introduces and ties together the selected pieces and provides discussion questions and suggestions for further readings. The reader is ended with a conclusion in which the editor reflects on the future of the populist radical right in light of (more) recent political developments – most notably the Greek economic crisis and the refugee crisis – and suggest avenues for future research.

Table of contents

  • Introduction: The Populist Radical Right Today Cas Mudde
  • I – Ideology & Issues
    • Interregnum or Endgame? The Radical Right in the ‘Post-Fascist’ Era
      Roger Griffin
    • Party Ideology
      Elisabeth Carter
    • Against the Current-Stemming the Tide: The Nostalgic Ideology of the Contemporary Radical Populist Right
      Hans-Georg Betz and Carol Johnson
    • A New Winning Formula? The Programmatic Appeal of the Radical Right
      Sarah L. De Lange
    • The European Extreme-Right and Islam: New Directions?
      José Pedro Zúquete
    • European Integration and the Radical Right: Three Patterns of Opposition
      Sofia Vasilopoulou
  • II – Parties, Organizations and Subcultures
    • Right-Wing Extremism in Post-War Europe
      Klaus von Beyme
    • New Populist Parties in Europe
      Paul Taggart
    • Modern European Democracies and Its Enemies: The Threat of the Extreme Right
      Ami Pedahzur and Leonard Weinberg
    • Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe
      Cas Mudde
    • Conservative and Right-Wing Movements
      Kathleen M. Blee and Kimberly A. Creasap
  • III – Leaders, Members & Voters
    • The Rebirth of Charisma? The Cases of Jean-Marie Le Pen and Vladimir Zhirinovsky
      Roger Eatwell
    • Extreme Right Activists: Recruitment and Experiences
      Bert Klandermans
    • Becoming a Racist: Women in Contemporary Ku Klux Klan and Neo-Nazi Groups
      Kathleen Blee
    • Electoral Sociology – Who Votes for the Extreme Right and Why – and When?
      Kai Arzheimer
    • The Radical Right Gender Gap
      Terri Givens
  • IV – Causes
    • The Silent Counter-Revolution: Hypotheses on the Emergence of Extreme Right-Wing Parties in Europe
      Piero Ignazi
    • The New Politics of Resentment: Radical Right-wing Populism in Western Europe
      Hans-Georg Betz
    • The Contemporary Radical Right: An Interpretative and Explanatory Framework
      Herbert Kitschelt (in collaboration with A.J. McGann)
    • The Radical Right in Postsocialist Central and Eastern Europe: Comparative Observations and Interpretations
      Michael Minkenberg
    • Ten Theories of the Extreme Right
      Roger Eatwell
    • The Populist Radical Right: A Pathological Normalcy
      Cas Mudde
  • V – Consequences
    • The Radical Right in Public Office: Agenda-Setting and Policy Effects
      Michael Minkenberg
    • The Extreme-Right and Immigration Policy-Making: Measuring Direct and Indirect Effects
      Martin A. Schain
    • Contagious Parties: Anti-Immigration Parties and Their Impact On Other Parties’ Immigration Stances in Contemporary Western Europe
      Joost van Spanje
    • Comparing Radical Right Parties in Government: Immigration and Integration Policies in Nine Countries (1996-2010)
      Tjitske Akkerman
    • Populism and Liberal Democracy: Populists in Government in Austria, Italy, Poland and Switzerland
      Daniele Albertazzi and Sean Mueller
    • Three Decades of Populist Radical Right Parties in Western Europe: So What?
      Cas Mudde
  • VI – Responses
    • Patterns of Response to the Extreme Right in Western Europe
      Jaap Van Donselaar
    • Between Adaptation, Differentiation and Distinction: Extreme Right-Wing Parties Within Democratic Political Systems
      Alexandre Dézé
    • Reacting to the Radical Right: Lessons from Germany and Austria
      David Art
    • New Alliances: Why Mainstream Parties Govern With Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties
      Sarah L. De Lange
  • Conclusion: Studying Populist Radical Right Parties and Politics in the 21st Century
    Cas Mudde

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.