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Balderacchi, Claudio. “Populism and Democracy: An Analysis of the Outcomesof Populism.” Revista de Derecho, vol. 59, 27 Oct. 2023, pp. 204–224


An influential strand of literature has consolidated the idea that populism can also benefit democracy. However, even highly inclusionary experiences in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Venezuela suggest that the relationship with liberal institutions may not be populism’s main democratic problem, and that the quality of populism-induced inclusion is inherently incompatible with populism’s ultimate goal of realizing popular will. Unlike more vulnerable, traditional critiques based on liberal priorities, this, in turn, questions the recently accepted positive effects of populism, suggests that populism may, paradoxically, suffer from some of the same limitations of liberal institutions, and corroborates, from a more effective perspective, the idea that populism is inherently unlikely to favor democracy, be it liberal or not. Through the analysis of these problems, this article contributes to a
critical reassessment of dominant understandings of the relationship between populism and democracy.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.