Skip to main content

Photo: “Demo ‘Kosovo je srbija’ in wien am 24. Februar 2008”, by Milosevo liscensed under CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0. Hue modified from the original

Kleut, Jelena, and Ana Milojevic. “Framing Protest in Online News and Readers’ Comments: The Case of Serbian Protest “Against Dictatorship”.” International Journal of Communication 15 (2021): 21.


This research examines the “protest paradigm” in the digital news environment of a politically polarized media system by considering relations between news and online readers’ comments about the Serbian protest Against Dictatorship, which was held in 2017. Applying content analysis to news and comments from two news websites, our study indicates the need to account for opposing framing of the protest (violence/peacefulness, de/legitimizing and un/democratic) in a polarized environment. The results show that the distribution of opposing frames is guided by the media relations with the government. Online readers’ comments generally enhance this polarized pattern of frame distribution, with the exception of the performance frame, which remains prolific in the media, but absent from readers’ comments.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.