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Gagliardi, Juliana, Camilla Tavares, and Afonso de Albuquerque. ““A Very Difficult Choice”: Bolsonaro and Petismo in Brazilian Newspapers.” International Journal of Communication 17 (2022): 19.


Regardless of what Bolsonaro does, the shadows of Lula and the Workers’ Party (PT) appear to be ever present in Brazilian legacy media. How does this affect the way they deal with Bolsonaro’s authoritarian tendencies? Drawing on a qualitative content analysis, this article discusses how the three most influential Brazilian newspapers—O GloboFolha de S. Paulo, and O Estado de S. Paulo—have presented this topic. We hypothesize that, for these newspapers, the prime referential for authoritarianism is not Bolsonaro, but Lula and PT.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.