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Tana, Maria Thaemar C. “The Philippines in 2021: Duterte’s Limited Achievements and Unkept Promises.” Philippine Political Science Journal 43, no. 1 (2022): 1-27.


The article examines the main issues and events that defined 2021. It looks at the Duterte government’s key domestic and foreign policies, as well as its successes and failures in addressing new and existing challenges. The article finds that while there had been some accomplishments, Duterte falls short in fulfilling most of his 2016 campaign promises. However, despite Duterte’s shortcomings, his popularity remains high, although it remains to be seen if this will carry over to next year’s elections and whether or not his legacies will endure.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.