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Laruelle, Marlene. “Putin’s regime and the ideological market: A difficult balancing game.” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 16, no. 03 (2017): 2017.


The current Russian regime is not static in terms of ideology. It was able to activate intense nationalist sentiment during the Ukraine crisis and calm it down later, without undermining Putin’s personal legitimacy and popular support.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.