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Photo: VENEZUELA-CHAVEZ-FUNERAL,” by Diariocritico de Venezuela licensed under CC BY 2.0. The hue is modified from the original.

Cameron, Maxwell A., and Grace Jaramillo, eds. Challenges to Democracy in the Andes: Strongmen, Broken Constitutions, and Regimes in Crisis. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Incorporated, 2022.


Although military coups are rare in the Andean countries, democracies remain prone to deep political crises caused by elected leaders (especially strongmen, or caudillos) who abuse their power—often with broad public approval. What explains this phenomenon?

The authors of Challenges to Democracy in the Andes propose answers to this question. Offering an analytical framework that disaggregates the components of democratic regimes, along with case studies and comparisons from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, they describe and explain political changes within the gray zone between democracy and authoritarianism.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.