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Photo:Donald Trump closeup,” by Gage Skidmore licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic. Hue modified from the original.

MILKOV, NIKOLAY. “BRAVE NEW WORLD: THE ILLIBERAL TURN IN 2014-2016.” Transformations and Challenges in the Global World (2022): 37.


The present paper discusses the radical changes witnessed in the political landscape of the world today. After 25 years of post-Cold World hopes for triumph of liberal democracy, the years between 2014 and 2016 shattered the Western World. The annexation of Crimea by Putin’s Russia came first in March 2014, then in June 2016, the Brexit of Boris Johnson followed and finally in November 2016, came the stunning victory of Donald Trump at the US presidential elections. These developments can be called the illiberal turn in politics and ideology.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.