Skip to main content

van Dijk, Ruud, and Stanley R. Sloan. “NATO’s inherent dilemma: strategic imperatives vs. value foundations.” Journal of Strategic Studies (2020): 1-25.


It has been clear for several years now that what NATO purports to stand for and what certain member states practice, do not fully align. From the beginning in 1949, when treaty values and strategic imperatives have been conflicted, the strategic imperatives have almost always, albeit temporarily on an “exceptional” basis, taken precedence over the values. While not new, these tensions today are greater than at any time in NATO’s history. In our view, they could become an existential threat. We use a case study from NATO’s history to examine the case of Turkey today.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.