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Photo: “Baiterek Tower“, by Francisco Anzola, licensed under CC BY 2.0. Hue modified from the original

Tskhay, Aliya. “The Power of Norms in Central Asia: Interaction between Normative Frameworks and Political Regimes.” Problems of Post-Communism (2020): 1-11.


This paper contributes to this special issue by studying power from the perspective of the ability of actors to induce compliance with international norms. Presenting a case study of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative implementation in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the paper explores how states get involved with and comply with the initiative. This case study shows that Central Asian states are socialized through a multiplicity of actors. Also, the power of inducing compliance with a norm is attained by various actors throughout the norm-implementation process.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.