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Power, Thomas, and Eve Warburton, eds. Democracy in Indonesia: From Stagnation to Regression?. ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, 2020.

Description

Indonesia has long been hailed as a rare case of democratic transition and persistence in an era of global democratic setbacks. But as the country enters its third decade of democracy, such laudatory assessments have become increasingly untenable. The stagnation that characterized Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s second presidential term has given way to a more far-reaching pattern of democratic regression under his successor, Joko Widodo. 
This volume is the first comprehensive study of Indonesia’s contemporary democratic decline. Its contributors identify, explain and debate the signs of regression, including arbitrary state crackdowns on freedom of speech and organization, the rise of vigilantism, deepening political polarization, populist mobilization, the dysfunction of key democratic institutions, and the erosion of checks and balances on executive power. They ask why Indonesia, until recently considered a beacon of democratic exceptionalism, increasingly conforms to the global pattern of democracy in retreat.

Table of contents

  • The Decline of Indonesian Democracy
    Thomas Power, Eve Warburton
  • PART 1: HISTORIC AL AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES
    • Indonesia’s Democracy in a Comparative Perspective
      Allen Hicken
    • Indonesia’s Tenuous Democratic Success and Survival
      Dan Slater
  • PART 2: POLARISATION AND POPULISM
    • How Polarised Is Indonesia and Why Does It Matter?
      Eve Warburton
    • Divided Muslims: Militant Pluralism, Polarisation and Democratic Backsliding
      Nava Nuraniyah
    • Is Populism a Threat to Indonesian Democracy?
      Liam Gammon
    • Islamic Populism and Indonesia’s Illiberal Democracy
      Abdil Mughis Mudhoffir
  • PART 3: POPULAR SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY
    • Electoral Losers, Democratic Support and Authoritarian Nostalgia
      Burhanuddin Muhtadi
    • How Popular Conceptions of Democracy Shape Democratic Support in Indonesia
      Diego Fossati, Ferran Martinez i Coma
  • PART 4: DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS
    • Indonesian Parties Revisited: Systemic Exclusivism, Electoral Personalisation and Declining Intraparty Democracy
      Marcus Mietzner
    • The Media and Democratic Decline
      Ross Tapsell
    • The Economic Dimensions of Indonesia’s Democratic Quality: A Subnational Approach
      Puspa Delima Amri, Mochamad Pasha
    • A State of Surveillance? Freedom of Expression under the Jokowi Presidency
      Ken M.P. Setiawan
  • PART 5: LAW, SECURITY AND DISORDER
    • Assailing Accountability: Law Enforcement Politicisation, Partisan Coercion and Executive Aggrandisement under the Jokowi Administration
      Thomas Power
    • In the State’s Stead? Vigilantism and Policing of Religious Offence in Indonesia
      Sana Jaffrey
    • Rumour, Identity and Violence In Contemporary Indonesia: Evidence from Elections in West Kalimantan
      Irsyad Rafsadie, Dyah Ayu Kartika, Siswo Mulyartono
    • Electoral Violence in Indonesia 20 Years after Reformasi
      Risa J Toha, SP Harish