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Fleck, Zoltán, Nóra Chronowski, and Petra Bárd. “The Crisis of the Rule of Law, Democracy and Fundamental Rights in Hungary.” MTA LAW WORKING PAPERS 2022, no. 4 (2022): 1-23.


The EU is harboring a Member State which, through a method of abusive constitutionalism, is not a constitutional democracy anymore. Systemic violations of the Rule of Law are part of its governance, to the detriment of democracy and the well-being of its citizens. Crucially, this Member State could not join the EU, was it to apply today. This reality has dire consequences not only for the well-being of Hungarian citizens, but also for the entire European project. Accordingly, reinforcing existing constitutional principles within the EU, as well as formulating new ones, is paramount: i.e. to be able to respond effectively to Rule of Law violations and improve EU’s enforcement.

The Illiberalism Studies Program studies the different faces of illiberal politics and thought in today’s world, taking into account the diversity of their cultural context, their intellectual genealogy, the sociology of their popular support, and their implications on the international scene.